A $100 Million Bet That Vacationland Can Be a Tech Hub, Too
PORTLAND, Maine — There is nothing clearly improper with Maine’s largest metropolis. Its outlets buzz in the summertime with well-heeled vacationers. Zillow charges the true property market “very hot.” David Geffen’s yacht docks at port every so often. The meals scene is nice. In November, the unemployment charge was barely 2.2 p.c.
Something is troubling Portland, nevertheless. Productivity progress is low. Business formation is anemic. And there’s a sense that in an period of technology-driven financial winners, Portland’s 66,000 residents are being left behind.
“It looks like we’re doing fine,” mentioned Jon Jennings, Portland’s metropolis supervisor. “But just underneath the real estate development, there is that insecurity as to what will actually drive the economy in the future.” Lobstering and tourism is not going to suffice.
Hoping to attract itself into the high-tech orbit, Portland is about to turn into a take a look at case. On Monday, officers together with Gov. Janet Mills and Mayor Kate Snyder will collect on Portland’s waterfront for the disclosing of a analysis institute meant to propel the native economic system.
If the trouble succeeds, it may present a template for the various American cities struggling to share within the nation’s prosperity.
Its patron is David Roux, who grew up in close by Lewiston and graduated from Harvard earlier than constructing a fortune as a Silicon Valley investor. Mr. Roux, a co-founder of the private-equity agency Silver Lake Partners 20 years in the past, is giving $100 million to Northeastern University to ascertain a graduate faculty and analysis heart in Portland.
The heart, to be referred to as the Roux Institute, will award certificates, grasp’s levels and Ph.D.s in synthetic intelligence and machine studying — geared particularly towards the life sciences.
“What is it that could be most catalytic to transform and support an economy that doesn’t fully participate in the modern, tech-led innovation economy?” Mr. Roux requested. His reply is “to bring cutting-edge technology capabilities here to Maine and northern New England.”
The purpose is to faucet into the forces which have funneled knowledge-based affluence into a small variety of megacities. Ten cities which can be residence to lower than a quarter of the inhabitants generate practically half of the nation’s patents and a third of its financial output, in keeping with latest analysis.
It is essentially the most superior and complicated industries — like biotechnology and semiconductors — which can be most concentrated. And the geography of invention is getting narrower yearly. One report discovered that Boston, Seattle, San Diego, San Francisco and Silicon Valley captured 9 out of 10 jobs created from 2005 to 2017 within the nation’s most research-intensive industries.
Innovators, apparently, do greatest when they’re round different innovators. They and the companies that hope to make use of them flock to the identical handful of locations. So Mr. Roux’s initiative is rowing towards a highly effective tide.
And but it is smart. Producing extremely educated technologists might not be sufficient to create an innovation ecosystem, however an informed work power is definitely an indispensable ingredient.
“I don’t think it’s a crazy idea,” mentioned Timothy J. Bartik, senior economist on the Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Universities have been discovered to encourage progress by means of a number of levers: They add demand to native communities, however additionally they add innovators. Professors might generate patents, seek the advice of for native corporations or begin companies. Companies would possibly staff up with college labs on analysis tasks. The existence of a tech-oriented graduate heart would possibly induce extra undergraduates to decide on tech-related fields. Graduates will enhance the labor pool for native companies and maybe draw know-how companies to city.
A research encompassing universities in 78 international locations between 1950 and 2010 discovered a direct hyperlink with financial progress, pushed partially by their impression on schooling and their contribution to innovation. Another concluded that rising funding for public universities led extra companies to ascertain a presence close to campus.
Yet one other checked out faculties established within the United States from the mid-19th to the mid-20th century. Counties the place faculties arose generated 32 p.c extra patents than locations that missed out. This impact was primarily pushed by migration: College cities drew progressive folks.
But analysis exhibits that the impression relies upon each on the standard of the college and on the attributes of the place. “In general, I think the bigger impact for a smaller city is likely to be if there is already some pre-existing activity to build on, and if there is some reason to think that the area might be attractive otherwise,” Mr. Bartik mentioned.
Consider San Diego. One of the nation’s main innovation facilities, it constructed a lot of its prosperity on the University of California, San Diego. In 2011, the college produced 80 grasp’s and Ph.D. levels in fields associated to wi-fi know-how, up fivefold from 1991. Between 1985 and 2001, its alumni had been founders of 16 telecom companies within the space, together with Franklin Antonio, a co-founder of Qualcomm, the metropolis’s most respected firm and the world’s main maker of smartphone chips.
By distinction, Mr. Bartik mentioned, “sticking a high-tech institute in the middle of rural Idaho might not have multiplier effects if there is nothing to build on.” Mr. Roux guess that Portland presents the fitting form of setting, with a few tech corporations already established and with Boston, a technology-rich megacity, simply two hours away.
Universities don’t simply spring forth, although. Somewhat over two years in the past, Mr. Roux and a small staff of advisers set out on a hunt from Massachusetts to California to Georgia to New York, searching for a analysis college that may show a good match.
In December, they reached an settlement with Northeastern, a non-public college whose principal campus is in Boston. It will add Portland to a community that features campuses in Seattle; Silicon Valley; Charlotte, N.C.,; Toronto; and London.
The Roux Institute will open in May — in momentary quarters — providing a smattering of nonaccredited programs to whet the urge for food of native employers and their employees. The first cohort of some 100 degree-seeking college students will begin within the fall. The scholar physique is predicted to develop to some 2,600 inside 10 years.
“In other places, there was already an ecosystem for tech and for digital and for life sciences,” Joseph E. Aoun, Northeastern’s president, mentioned about its enlargement efforts. In Portland, “our opportunity is to launch this ecosystem and shape it,” he mentioned. “That’s why it’s going to be transformational.”
It can also be a heavier elevate. The problem isn’t just to employees up. The college and Mr. Roux’s staff are recruiting different philanthropists from across the state as donors. (There will probably be working income from tuition and anticipated federal analysis grants.) The organizers are additionally asking companies — regionally and from different components of the nation — to pledge to enroll their staff within the new faculty and pay their tuition, to supply internships and different alternatives for on-the-job studying, and to hitch with the middle in analysis tasks.
There are different universities in Maine, together with prestigious liberal arts faculties like Colby and Bowdoin. But few supply graduate packages within the sciences, and none have Northeastern’s observe report in digital sciences and applied sciences, or the expertise of working in live performance with enterprise and opening new campuses.
“It’s not enough to start a university, because you need to have the players at the table,” Mr. Aoun mentioned. The gamers, he mentioned, are corporations that may specify the type of expertise they’re searching for and the issues they should clear up.
So far, 10 have been enlisted. They embrace native employers like Tilson, which builds fiber and mobile networks, and Idexx, a veterinary diagnostic firm, in addition to the Boston-based industrial automation firm PTC.
“I want employees who want the graduate school experience to be able to do it here,” mentioned Joshua Broder, Tilson’s chief govt. “A lot of people leave to go to grad school, and there’s a good chance people will end up working in the place they go to grad school.”
Mr. Jennings, town supervisor, thinks the Roux Institute is “potentially the greatest economic opportunity of the 21st century for Portland and Maine” — a likelihood to fill the opening left by the declining position of forestry and fishing, which supplied middle-class jobs many years in the past.
Mr. Roux described the undertaking as “an opportunity machine disguised as an educational institution and research center.” It may have succeeded, he mentioned, if it makes present native corporations higher, attracts corporations from elsewhere and gives the seed corn for dynamic new companies.
“If that works, then what I’m sure is going to happen is what happens in every other market around the world,” he added, “which is somebody looks over from Central Florida and says, ‘I would like one of those.’”
That, and maybe a few extra benefactors like Mr. Roux, would possibly assist clear up America’s regional disparities.
“If you had 30 to 40 billionaires that decided to do this in 30 to 40 places that had some tech activity,” Mr. Bartik mentioned, “there would be sufficient successes that you could justify it even if only half were successful.”