Bike lanes provide positive economic impact — ScienceDaily
Despite longstanding standard perception, bicycle lanes can really enhance enterprise. At worst, the damaging impact on gross sales and employment is minimal, in keeping with a brand new research from Portland State’s Transportation Research and Education Center (TREC).
The report is an element of a bigger National Street Improvements Study, performed by Portland State University, with help from consulting agency Bennett Midland and the cycling-advocacy nonprofit PeopleForBikes. The research was funded by The Summit Foundation and the National Institute for Transportation and Communities.
Researchers studied 14 corridors in 6 cities — Portland, Seattle, San Francisco, Memphis, Minneapolis and Indianapolis — and located such enhancements had both positive or non-significant impacts on gross sales and employment. Essentially, including enhancements like bike lanes largely boosted enterprise and employment within the retail and meals service sectors.
“I think that it is very significant that we found that positive business outcomes to the food service and retail industries on these corridors are persistent, even when we looked at different data metrics on employment or sales or when different analytical methods are utilized,” mentioned Jenny Liu, affiliate professor within the Toulan School of Urban Studies & Planning.
Past research examined the consequences of avenue enchancment corridors inside particular cities, however this research is among the many first to use constant and strong analytical approaches throughout a number of corridors and a number of cities.
The findings additionally provide policymakers and planners with an analytical framework and additional proof to help funding in non-motorized transportation infrastructure.
“The Street Improvement Study supports with data what we have seen in many communities: adding bicycle infrastructure boosts a neighborhood’s economic vitality,” mentioned Zoe Kircos, director of grants and partnerships at PeopleForBikes. “Our collaboration with Portland State University and Bennett Midland on this research gives us more resources to share with cities across the U.S. that are eager to make bicycling safer and easier for everyone.”
Liu added that the partnership between PSU, PeopleForBikes and Bennett Midland contributed considerably to the top merchandise which can be straight focused to planners and policymakers. The research produced in-depth stories for Portland, Seattle, San Francisco, Memphis, Minneapolis and Indianapolis.
Nationally, the research discovered the meals service trade advantages most frequently from the addition of transportation infrastructure.
Even in instances the place a motorized vehicle journey lane or parking was eliminated to make room for a motorcycle lane, meals gross sales and employment tended to go up, in keeping with the report.
“There is tremendous potential to expand on what we learned in this research project to additional cities and corridors, and to provide policymakers with the opportunity to evaluate street improvement projects before implementation or to collect additional economic/business metrics before and after implementation,” Liu mentioned.