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How to Install Joomla on Ubuntu 18.04

How to Install Joomla on Ubuntu 18.04

When it comes to creating web sites, one of many best methods to have your web site up and operating is utilizing a CMS (content material administration system) that often comes with bundled PHP code and all themes and plugins you want.

Apart from PhrasePress, the opposite fashionable CMS is Joomla. Joomla is a free and open-source CMS that’s constructed on PHP and shops its knowledge on an SQL based mostly database engine on the backend.

In this text, you’ll learn the way to set up Joomla on Ubuntu 18.04 and newer Ubuntu releases.

Step 1: Update Ubuntu System Packages

It’s at all times a fantastic concept to replace system packages and repositories earlier than anything. So replace & improve your system by operating.

$ sudo apt replace -y && sudo apt improve -y
Update Ubuntu System PackagesUpdate Ubuntu System Packages

Update Ubuntu System Packages

Step 2: Install Apache and PHP 7.2 in Ubuntu

Joomla is written on PHP and shops knowledge in MySQL on the back-end. Further, customers will entry any Joomla based mostly web site by way of a browser and for that motive, we want to set up an Apache net server that may serve Joomla pages.

To set up Apache and PHP ( we’re going to use PHP 7.2) execute the instructions beneath.

$ sudo apt set up apache2 libapache2-mod-php7.2 openssl php-imagick php7.2-common php7.2-curl php7.2-gd php7.2-imap php7.2-intl php7.2-json php7.2-ldap php7.2-mbstring php7.2-mysql php7.2-pgsql php-smbclient php-ssh2 php7.2-sqlite3 php7.2-xml php7.2-zip
Install Apache and PHP in UbuntuInstall Apache and PHP in Ubuntu

Install Apache and PHP in Ubuntu

With the set up full, you’ll be able to confirm the model of Apache put in by operating the dpkg command.

$ sudo dpkg -l apache
Check Apache Version in UbuntuCheck Apache Version in Ubuntu

Check Apache Version in Ubuntu

Now begin and allow the Apache webserver.

$ sudo systemctl begin apache2
$ sudo systemctl allow apache2

To verify that Apache is up and operating, run the command:

$ sudo systemctl standing apache2

Now head over to your browser and kind in your server’s IP tackle within the URL bar as proven:

http://server-IP

You ought to get a webpage beneath exhibiting that Apache is put in and operating.

Verify Apache Page in UbuntuVerify Apache Page in Ubuntu

Verify Apache Page in Ubuntu

To verify if PHP is put in execute the command.

$ php -v
Check PHP Version in UbuntuCheck PHP Version in Ubuntu

Check PHP Version in Ubuntu

Step three: Install MariaDB in Ubuntu

Since Joomla would require a database on the backend to retailer its knowledge, we want to set up a relational database server. For this information, we’ll set up the MariaDB server which is a fork of MySQL. It’s a free and open-source database engine that packs with improved options and performance.

To set up MariaDB execute the command:

$ sudo apt set up mariadb-server
Install MariaDB in UbuntuInstall MariaDB in Ubuntu

Install MariaDB in Ubuntu

Since MariaDB isn’t secured by default, that leaves it weak to potential breaches. As a precaution, we’re going to safe the database engine

To obtain this, subject the command:

$ sudo mysql_secure_installation

Hit ENTER when prompted for the basis password and press ‘Y’ to set the basis password.

Set MySQL Password in UbuntuSet MySQL Password in Ubuntu

Set MySQL Password in Ubuntu

For the rest of the part, simply sort ‘Y’ and hit ENTER to set it to the advisable settings that may fortify its safety.

Secure MySQL in UbuntuSecure MySQL in Ubuntu

Secure MySQL in Ubuntu

We have lastly secured our database engine.

Step four: Create a Joomla Database

As mentioned earlier, Joomla shops its knowledge on a backend SQL server, on this case, MariaDB. So we’re going to create a database to retailer its information.

First, we’re going to login to MariaDB utilizing the command:

$ sudo mysql -u root -p

To create the database, database person and grant privileges to the database person, run the instructions beneath.

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE joomla_db;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON joomla_db.* TO ‘joomla_user’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘[email protected]’;
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> EXIT;

Step 5: Download Joomla in Ubuntu

In this step, we’re going to obtain the set up file from Joomla’s official web site. At the time of writing, the newest model is Joomla three.9.16. To obtain the set up package deal, execute the command beneath:

$ sudo wget https://downloads.joomla.org/cms/joomla3/3-9-16/Joomla_3-9-16-Stable-Full_Package.zip

Once the obtain is full. We want to unzip this to the webroot listing. So let’s make the listing and name it ‘Joomla’. You may give it no matter identify you would like.

$ sudo mkdir /var/www/html/joomla

Next, unzip the zipped Joomla file to the simply created ‘Joomla’ listing.

$ sudo unzip Joomla_3.19-16-Stable-Full_package.zip -d /var/www/html/joomla

Once finished, set the listing possession of the listing to Apache person and alter the permissions as indicated beneath:

$ sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/joomla
$ sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/joomla

For the adjustments to come into impact, restart the Apache webserver.

$ sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 6: Configure Apache for Joomla

We are going to configure the Apache webserver to server Joomla webpages. For this to occur, we’ll create a digital host’s information for Joomla and name it Joomla.conf.

$ sudo vim /and so on/apache2/sites-available/joomla.conf

Paste the configuration beneath into the file and save.

<VirtualHost *:80>
     ServerAdmin [email protected]
     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/joomla/
     ServerName instance.com
     ServerAlias www.instance.com

     ErrorLog $APACHE_LOG_DIR/error.log
     CustomizedLog $APACHE_LOG_DIR/entry.log mixed

     <Directory /var/www/html/joomla/>
            Options FollowSymlinks
            AllowOverride All
            Require all granted
     </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

Next, allow the digital hosts’ file.

$ sudo a2ensite joomla.conf
$ sudo a2enmod rewrite

Then restart the Apache webserver service for the adjustments to come into impact.

$ sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 7: Finalizing the Joomla Installation in Ubuntu

With all of the configurations in place, the one step remaining is to arrange Joomla by way of an online browser. So launch your browser and browse your server’s URL as proven

http:// server-IP/joomla

The webpage beneath can be displayed. Fill within the required particulars similar to Site identify, Email tackle, username and password and click on on the ‘Next’ button.

Joomla Site ConfigurationJoomla Site Configuration

Joomla Site Configuration

In the subsequent part, fill out the database particulars similar to database sort (Select MySQLI), database person, database identify, and database password. Then click on ‘Next’.

Joomla MySQL SettingsJoomla MySQL Settings

Joomla MySQL Settings

The following web page supplies an outline of all of the settings and permits you to carry out a pre-installation test.

Joomla Installation OverviewJoomla Installation Overview

Joomla Installation Overview

Scroll down to the ‘Pre-installation Check’ and ‘Recommended settings’ sections and make sure that every one the required packages are put in and the settings are right.

Joomla Pre-Installation CheckJoomla Pre-Installation Check

Joomla Pre-Installation Check

Then click on the ‘Install’ button. The arrange of Joomla will start as proven.

Joomla Installation ProcessJoomla Installation Process

Joomla Installation Process

When full, you’re going to get the notification beneath that Joomla has been put in.

Joomla Installation CompleteJoomla Installation Complete

Joomla Installation Complete

As a safety precaution, the installer would require you to delete the set up folder earlier than continuing to log in, So scroll down and click on on the ‘Remove set up folder’ button proven beneath.

Remove Joomla Installation DirectoryRemove Joomla Installation Directory

Remove Joomla Installation Directory

To log in, click on on the ‘Administrator’ button which can direct you to the web page beneath.

Joomla Admin LoginJoomla Admin Login

Joomla Admin Login

Provide your username and password and click on on the ‘Log In’ button. This ushers you to the Joomla dashboard proven beneath.

Joomla Dashboard in UbuntuJoomla Dashboard in Ubuntu

Joomla Dashboard in Ubuntu

You can now create your weblog and use numerous plugins and settings to enhance its look. We have lastly wound up the set up of Joomla on Ubuntu 18.04.

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