Home / Android / Qualcomm Snapdragon processor guide: Specs and features compared

Qualcomm Snapdragon processor guide: Specs and features compared

Qualcomm Snapdragon processor information: Specs and features compared

Qualcomm Snapdragon 865 processor in hand frontQualcomm Snapdragon 865 processor in hand front

Qualcomm’s Snapdragon processors are essentially the most ubiquitous SoCs within the Android smartphone area. Samsung makes use of Snapdragon for its Galaxy S line within the US and Korea, and it additionally powers units from LG, OnePlus, and basically each OEM making flagship-grade telephones that doesn’t additionally make its personal silicon. There’s a really excessive likelihood that you simply’re studying this on a tool utilizing a Qualcomm Snapdragon processor proper now.

Snapdragon chips aren’t simply present in costly flagship smartphones although. There’s a complete portfolio of processors constructed for handsets at numerous value factors. Performance and features differ a good bit between these fashions, so let’s break down how the corporate’s newest SoCs examine and what capabilities you need to anticipate.

Snapdragon 800 sequence — Premium tier

Qualcomm Snapdragon 865 in plastic caseQualcomm Snapdragon 865 in plastic case

Looking for the perfect Qualcomm smartphone processor? Then you need the Snapdragon 865, the agency’s newest and strongest chipset. Much like its predecessor, the brand new chipset sports activities a tri-cluster semi-custom CPU association, that includes one highly effective 2.84Ghz Cortex-A77 core, three much less highly effective however nonetheless very succesful 2.4Ghz Cortex-A77 cores, and 4 low-powered however environment friendly Cortex-A55 cores. Qualcomm’s Adreno graphics additionally tends to guide the trade by way of sheer energy and capabilities, and the 865’s Adreno 650 continues that pattern.

  Snapdragon 865 Snapdragon 855 Plus Snapdragon 855
CPU 1x 2.84GHz Kryo 585 (Cortex A77)
3x 2.4GHz Kryo 585 (Cortex A77)
4x 1.8GHz Kryo 585 (Cortex-A55)
1x 2.96GHz Kryo 485 (Cortex A76)
3x 2.42GHz Kryo 485 (Cortex A76)
4x 1.8GHz Kryo 485 (Cortex-A55)
1x 2.84GHz Kryo 485 (Cortex A76)
3x 2.42GHz Kryo 485 (Cortex A76)
4x 1.8GHz Kryo 485 (Cortex-A55)
GPU Adreno 650 Adreno 640 Adreno 640
DSP Hexagon 698 Hexagon 690 Hexagon 690
Modem X55 5G & RF system
7500 Mbps down
3000 Mbps up
X24 LTE
2000 Mbps down
316 Mbps up
X24 LTE
2000 Mbps down
316 Mbps up
Cameras 200MP single / 64MP single with Zero Shutter Lag
24MP twin digital camera
Hybrid AF, HDR video, multi-frame noise discount
48MP single / 24MP twin
Hybrid AF, HDR video, multi-frame noise discount
192MP snapshot
48MP single / 24MP twin
Hybrid AF, HDR video, multi-frame noise discount
192MP snapshot
Quick Charge four+ four+ four+
Bluetooth 5.1 5.1 5.1
Process 7nm FinFET 7nm FinFET 7nm FinFET

The 800 sequence is Qualcomm’s flagship tier and, up till 2018’s Snapdragon 845, used a cluster of highly effective cores and a cluster of power-saving cores. But 2019’s Snapdragon 855 sequence marked the primary time we noticed the three-tier system of heavy/medium/gentle CPU cores. Qualcomm additionally used to supply closely custom-made CPU cores till the Snapdragon 821 again in 2016. But nowadays, it makes use of Arm’s Cortex cores and makes just a few tweaks to them as an alternative.

However, the corporate has invested closely in different bits of silicon in its chipsets, such because the GPUs, modems, and picture sign processors for cameras. Speaking of digital camera know-how, that is Qualcomm’s first chipset to assist 8K video recording, becoming a member of Samsung’s Exynos 982X sequence and Exynos 990.

The trade shift to on-device machine studying has additionally seen Qualcomm adapt with its flagship SoCs. It makes use of the top-end Hexagon digital sign processor for these duties, with the Snapdragon 865’s Hexagon 698 DSP additionally that includes an upgraded “Tensor” accelerator that’s 35% extra power-efficient than the Snapdragon 855’s ML-focused silicon.

In plain English, which means machine studying duties like face detection, picture recognition, pure language processing, and different actions ought to devour far much less energy. In reality, Qualcomm additionally mentioned that the Snapdragon 865 is able to on-device voice translation.

The Snapdragon 865 can also be 5G-enabled, supporting each mmWave and sub-6Ghz requirements. It’s not the primary 5G flagship chipset from the model although, as final 12 months’s Snapdragon 855 sequence additionally supplied next-generation connectivity. Both the 855 sequence and the 865 supply exterior 5G modems although, in contrast to some rivals. This typically means extra energy consumption compared to a processor with an built-in 5G modem.

Qualcomm isn’t the one firm making flagship processors, with rival chipsets together with the Samsung Exynos 990, Huawei’s HiSilicon Kirin 990, and MediaTek’s Dimensity 1000. But it’s typically thought of the highest canine by way of features and model title, though different opponents typically have a lot to supply too.

Notable Snapdragon 865 telephones

Snapdragon 700 sequence — Bridging the hole

Qualcomm Snapdragon 765 in handQualcomm Snapdragon 765 in hand

Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 700 sequence isn’t fairly as easy as its flagship 800 sequence. This is because of the sheer variety of them, in addition to the decrease finish chips crossing into the 600 sequence.

  Snapdragon 765/G Snapdragon 730/G Snapdragon 720G
CPU 1x 2.3Ghz Kryo 475 (Cortex-A76)
1x 2.2Ghz Kryo 475 (Cortex-A76)
6x 1.8Ghz Kryo 475 (Cortex-A55)
2x 2.2GHz Kryo 360 (Cortex-A76)
6x 1.7GHz Kryo 360 (Cortex-A55)
2x 2.3GHz Kryo 465 (Cortex-A76)
6x 1.8GHz Kryo 465 (Cortex-A55)
GPU Adreno 620 Adreno 618 Adreno 618
DSP Hexagon 696 Hexagon 688 Hexagon 692
Modem Snapdragon X52 5G/LTE
5G – 3700Mbps down, 1600Mbps up
Snapdragon X15 LTE
800Mbps down, 150Mbps up
Snapdragon X15 LTE
800Mbps down, 150Mbps up
Cameras 32MP single or 22MP twin
192MP snapshot
48MP single or 22MP twin
192MP snapshot
192MP snapshot
Quick Charge four+ four+ four
Bluetooth 5.zero 5.zero 5.1
Process 7nm FinFET 8nm FinFET 8nm FinFET

The Snapdragon 700 sequence is actually an higher mid-range household of processors, with the Snapdragon 765 sequence being essentially the most able to the lot. This is Qualcomm’s first mid-range 5G household, supporting each mmWave and sub-6Ghz flavors of 5G. It additionally provides an identical triple energy area CPU design because the flagship processors, albeit in a 1+1+6 format reasonably than 1+three+four seen on the flagship SoCs.

Aside from the addition of 5G and a tweaked CPU format, the Snapdragon 765 sequence additionally stands out from different 700-series processors because of its beefier Adreno 620 GPU. The 765 household additionally sports activities a tiny 7nm manufacturing processes, on par with flagship chipsets. A smaller manufacturing course of typically means a extra power-efficient design when all the pieces else is equal.

The Snapdragon 765 sequence nonetheless has just a few issues in frequent with the Snapdragon 730 sequence and Snapdragon 720G, that are subsequent on the totem pole by way of energy and capabilities. We’ve received octa-core CPUs that includes two highly effective Cortex-A76 CPUs and six Cortex-A55 cores, and highly effective Spectra picture sign processors for high-resolution imaging.

These aren’t the one Snapdragon 700 sequence chips, because the sequence debuted with 2018’s Snapdragon 710 (with the Snapdragon 712 being a light improve). These two chips nonetheless supply a 2+6 CPU core format, however use older Cortex-A75 cores as an alternative of the Cortex-A76 seen in newer 700 sequence SoCs. So anticipate the brand new chipsets to edge out these ones in the case of single-core efficiency, however you’re nonetheless getting good efficiency both method.

The Snapdragon 712 and 710 additionally supply inferior GPUs to the aforementioned stablemates, so gaming efficiency received’t be fairly as easy. Still, these GPUs are fairly highly effective and ought to be capable of deal with most superior video games nicely sufficient.

The Snapdragon 700 vary may lack the CPU and GPU energy of the flagship Snapdragon 800 household then, however it has just a few features in frequent with the top-end silicon nonetheless. You’re nonetheless getting succesful Hexagon DSPs for higher machine studying, Quick Charge four or four+ assist, and Bluetooth 5.zero or 5.1.

Furthermore, all of those aforementioned chipsets assist 192MP snapshots, though they prime out at a far decrease decision for multi-frame processing (e.g. HDR, evening mode). You received’t get 4K/60fps or 8K right here both, however 4K at 30fps is mainly assured at this tier.

Notable Snapdragon 710, 712, 720G, 730/G, 765/G telephones

Snapdragon 600 sequence — Value for cash

Where the Snapdragon 700 sequence tries to bridge the hole between mid-range and flagship, the Snapdragon 600 sequence is usually targeted on the ~$300 and underneath phase. We say “mostly,” as a result of the Snapdragon 670 and 675 truly share loads in frequent with the primary Snapdragon 700 sequence processors (e.g. Snapdragon 710).

The Snapdragon 670 and 675 supply highly effective Cortex-A75 and A76 CPU cores respectively, paired with low-power Cortex-A55 cores. You may also anticipate stable GPUs (albeit inferior to the 700 sequence), Bluetooth 5 assist, and Quick Charge four+ capabilities. The 670 and 675 additionally ship the 700 household’s assist for features like 4K recording, 192MP snapshots, and 48MP pictures with multi-frame processing.

Read: How to grasp Kryo CPU numbering on Qualcomm Snapdragon processors

Moving down, we even have the Snapdragon 665, which is a light enchancment over 2017’s Snapdragon 660. Both of those chips use a lot older CPU cores (4 Cortex-A73 paired with 4 Cortex-A53 cores), and much less succesful GPUs on paper. So anticipate normal efficiency, gaming, and digital camera efficiency to lag behind the Snapdragon 670 and 675. In reality, the Snapdragon 665 and 660 prime out at 48MP snapshot assist (i.e. with out multi-frame processing comparable to HDR), so don’t maintain your breath for 64MP or 108MP cameras with these processors.

Qualcomm has additionally lately launched the Snapdragon 662, basically being a Snapdragon 665 clone with Bluetooth 5.1 capabilities and HEIF assist. The latter means higher high quality footage with no file dimension improve over earlier codecs, or the identical high quality at half the file dimension.

Otherwise, the bread and butter of Qualcomm’s 600-series is the Snapdragon 636 and 632. These processors goal a cheaper price level than beforehand talked about 600-series silicon, and additionally convey massive cores to the desk (4 Cortex-A73 and 4 Cortex-A53). The 636 nonetheless provides a quick modem and Quick Charge four, which the Snapdragon 632 lacks. Either method, each of those chips use Adreno 500-series GPUs, making them much less adept at gaming than more moderen Snapdragon 600 sequence chips.

  Snapdragon 636 Snapdragon 632 Snapdragon 439
CPU 4x 1.8GHz Kryo 260 (Cortex-A73)
4x 1.6GHz Kryo 260 (Cortex-A53)
4x 1.8GHz Kryo 250 (Cortex-A73)
4x 1.8GHz Kryo 250 (Cortex-A53)
4x 1.95GHz Cortex-A53
4x 1.45GHz Cortex-A53
GPU Adreno 509 Adreno 506 Adreno 505
RAM LPDDR4X @ 1333MHz LPDDR3 LPDDR3
DSP Hexagon 680 Hexagon 546 Hexagon 536
Modem X12 LTE
600Mbps down
150Mbps up
X9 LTE
300Mbps down
150Mbps up
X6 LTE
150Mbps down
75Mbps up
Cameras 25MP single or 16MP twin 24MP single or 13MP twin 12MP single or 8MP twin
Quick Charge four.zero three.zero three.zero
Bluetooth 5.zero 5.zero 5.zero
Process 14nm FinFET 14nm FinFET 12nm FinFET

The Snapdragon 636 and 632 chipsets actually mark the cross-over level between mid-range and low-end capabilities. But they nonetheless sport these ever-important massive CPU cores, which implies normal efficiency (e.g. system navigation, launching/loading apps) shouldn’t be a difficulty.

Notable Snapdragon 600 sequence telephones

Snapdragon 400 sequence — Entry-level

Now we come to the least succesful Snapdragon sequence (except for the now dormant Snapdragon 200 household), designed for entry-level smartphones. But there’s excellent news right here, as the most recent Snapdragon 400 chipset is definitely a large enchancment.

The new Snapdragon 460 has loads in frequent with the Snapdragon 662, together with heavyweight CPU cores (4 Cortex-A73 and 4 Cortex-A53), the identical GPU, HEIF assist, Bluetooth 5.1, and even 48MP multi-frame seize capabilities. The solely actual draw back is that it’s solely anticipated to look in telephones on the finish of 2020.

Otherwise, the Snapdragon 450 and 439 are the principle 400-series chips you’ll discover in telephones in the present day. These supply octa-core designs primarily based on low-powered Cortex-A53 cores, very modest LTE speeds, and unspectacular Adreno 500-series GPUs. In different phrases, telephones powered by these chips usually tend to battle with superior video games and on a regular basis system efficiency. Their personal main saving grace is that they’re fairly power-efficient owing to 14nm and 12nm manufacturing processes respectively.

  Snapdragon 460 Snapdragon 450 Snapdragon 439 Snapdragon 429
CPU 4x Kryo 240 (Cortex-A73)
4x Kryo 240 (Cortex-A53)
8x 1.8Ghz Cortex-A53 4x 1.95Ghz Cortex-A53
4x 1.45Ghz Cortex-A53
4x 1.95GHz Cortex-A53
GPU Adreno 610 Adreno 506 Adreno 505 Adreno 504
DSP Hexagon 683 Hexagon 546 Hexagon 536 Hexagon 536
Modem Snapdragon X11 LTE
390Mbps down,
150Mbps up
Snapdragon X9 LTE
300Mbps down, 150Mbps up
Snapdragon X6 LTE
150Mbps down, 75Mbps up
Snapdragon X6 LTE
150Mbps down, 75Mbps up
Cameras 32MP single or 22MP twin
192MP snapshot
48MP single or 22MP twin
192MP snapshot
21MP single or 8MP twin 16MP single or 8MP twin
Quick Charge three.zero three.zero three.zero three.zero
Bluetooth 5.1 four.1 5.zero 5.zero
Process 11nm FinFET 14nm FinFET 12nm FinFET 12nm FinFET

The least succesful chipset within the Snapdragon 400 household is the Snapdragon 429 although. It halves the core rely to only 4 power-sipping Cortex-A53 cores, tops out at HD+ display screen decision (no 1080p right here), and helps two 8MP cameras or one 16MP sensor. It’s not all dangerous although, as there’s nonetheless Quick Charge three.zero assist, and Bluetooth 5 capabilities. Just don’t anticipate triple cameras or good efficiency in 3D video games.

The Snapdragon 400 sequence does the fundamentals nicely sufficient, comparable to calling, social media, WhatsApp, and net shopping. But these wanting good gaming efficiency, the quickest charging, the most recent Bluetooth customary, and one of the best cameras ought to look elsewhere.

Notable Snapdragon 400 sequence telephones


That’s all for our Qualcomm Snapdragon SoC information! Let us know your ideas on the silicon large’s portfolio within the feedback.

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