Trump’s 2021 budget drowns science agencies in red ink, again | Science
It’s one other sea of red ink for federal analysis funding packages in President Donald Trump’s newest budget proposal. The 2021 budget request to Congress launched at present requires deep, usually double-digit cuts to R&D spending at main science agencies.
At the identical time, the president desires to place extra money right into a handful of areas—notably synthetic intelligence (AI) and quantum info science (QIS)—to create the brand new expertise wanted for what the budget request calls “industries of the future.”
Here is a rundown of a number of the numbers from the budget request’s R&D chapter. (The numbers mirror the portion of every company’s budget categorized as analysis, which in most circumstances is lower than its total budget.)
- National Institutes of Health: a lower of seven%, or $2.942 billion, to $36.965 billion
- National Science Foundation (NSF): a lower of 6%, or $424 million, to $6.328 billion
- Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Office of Science: a lower of 17%, or $1.164 billion, to $5.760 billion
- NASA science: a lower of 11%, or $758 million, to $6.261 billion
- DOE’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy: a lower of 173%, which might not solely eradicate the $425 million company, but in addition pressure it to return $311 million to the U.S. Department of the Treasury
- U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) Agricultural Research Service: a lower of 12%, or $190 million, to $1.435 billion
- National Institute of Standards and Technology: a lower of 19%, or $154 million, to $653 million
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: a lower of 31%, or $300 million, to $678 million
- Environmental Protection Agency science and expertise: a lower of 37%, or $174 million, to $318 million
- Department of Homeland Security science and expertise: a lower of 15%, or $65 million, to $357 million
- U.S. Geological Survey: a lower of 30%, or $200 million, to $460 million
There are just a few budgetary shiny spots. One is USDA’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture, the supply of many of the division’s aggressive grants to tutorial analysis, which might develop by 11%, or $95 million, to $968 million. Within that institute, its aggressive grants program—now at $425 million—would have $100 million earmarked for AI and machine studying. Likewise, the president is asking NSF to suit giant will increase for AI and QIS into its shrunken analysis account.
Overall, federal spending on civilian fundamental analysis would drop by 9%, or $13.78 billion, to $142.185 billion. The authorities’s funding in scientific infrastructure—giant amenities and particular tools—would plunge by 40%, to $three.6 billion. Spending on protection fundamental analysis would fall by 6%, or $2.822 billion, to $40.638 billion.
As all the time, Congress can have the ultimate say on spending for the 2021 fiscal yr, which begins on 1 October. In current years, lawmakers have largely rejected the Trump administration’s proposed cuts and as a substitute elevated main science company budgets, or at the least held them flat.
In 2021, nonetheless, Congress can have restricted room to extend spending, due to a budget deal reached in July 2019 that locations caps on each civilian and protection spending. In explicit, it could permit solely a $2.5 billion improve in all home discretionary spending, for instance, or solely zero.four% greater than the $632 billion being spent in fiscal 2020.