What Do the F1, F2, F3, Through F12 Keys Do on Mac Keyboards?
If you’re sat in entrance of your Mac now, have a look down at your keyboard. Sure, it has all of the characters you’d anticipate from a keyboard, however there are some keys alongside the prime of the keyboard which may not be acquainted to you. These are known as perform keys and all have Fx written on them, the place x x is changed with a quantity, like F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6, F7, F8, F9, F10, F11, F12. So what do the the F keys on a Mac do?
Glancing at the F keys on a Mac keyboard, you’ll see an icon when you look above the perform key quantity, and that icon reveals what else the key can do. And with 12 keys to select from, they’ll do fairly a bit. Additionally, normal perform keys can be utilized inside totally different apps in numerous methods, so make sure to examine the keyboard shortcut choices to your favourite apps to see if there are any that you have to be making use of.
Below is a listing of the capabilities out there for all of the Mac perform keys. They ought to all be current and proper when you’re utilizing an Apple keyboard on nearly any trendy Mac, aside from any Mac with a Touch Bar anyway which makes use of just a little display as an alternative of the F keys. Of course some a lot older Macs could have totally different capabilities assigned to the F keys too, so we’re assuming you’re on trendy hardware.
What the F Keys Do on Mac Keyboards
These are the major defaults of what perform keys do on an Apple keyboard when linked to a Mac:
- F1 – Decrease show brightness
- F2 – Increase show brightness
- F3 – Open Mission Control
- F4 – Open Launchpad
- F5 – Decrease keyboard brightness (On appropriate notebooks solely)
- F6 – Increase keyboard brightness (On appropriate notebooks solely)
- F7 – Skip again (Audio)
- F8 – Pause / Play (Audio)
- F9 – Skip ahead (Audio)
- F10 – Mute
- F11 – Volume down
- F12 – Volume Up
Pressing a perform key will invoke its secondary perform by default.
To use the Fx keys as normal perform keys, press and maintain the Fn button after which press the required perform key.
If you’re utilizing a non-Apple keyboard that doesn’t have an Fn key, attempt urgent and holding the Control key as an alternative.
Changing Function Key Behavior on Mac
You can change the default habits of the perform keys on Mac too, nonetheless. This principally inverts their perform away from defaulting to issues like brightness and audio controls to straightforward F keys.
- Open System Preferences from the Apple menu
- Click “Keyboard” from system preferences
- Select “Use F1, F2, etc. keys as standard function keys” to make the change.
If you make this transformation, you’ll have to press down the “FN” key on the keyboard after which press the F1, F2, F3, and many others keys to carry out the motion that’s on the keys icon (for instance, altering brightness, or muting system quantity). Some customers on older Macs specifically desire this, as we coated beforehand a while in the past.
Similarly, when you’re utilizing a MacE book Pro with a Touch Bar, press and maintain the Fn key to see the F1 by means of F12 keys after which faucet the display to make use of them.
If the Mac has a Touch Bar however you’d wish to all the time see the perform keys, you may really disable the Touch Bar on MacE book Pro in order that the Touch Bar stays the similar all of the time, you may set it to both present an F key row or the actions row, no matter you like.
If you’re new to the Mac it’s possible you’ll not find out about a few of the different cool tips you are able to do with the Fn key, like transfer “Home” and “End.”
This clearly is geared toward Mac keyboards both from Apple or third events, however when you’re utilizing a 3rd social gathering PC keyboard and you’ve got a unique set of F keys (and even none in any respect), you may seek the advice of your keyboard’s producer for extra details about the perform row.
There are a ton of different keyboard shortcuts, like navigating textual content amongst many others which are nicely value studying when you spend a variety of time typing on a Mac as nicely. They’ll fully change your sport when you grasp the ones that you simply use most.
Do you utilize the perform keys typically? Have you modified the habits of any of the F keys for every other objective? Let us know your experiences and ideas in the feedback.